Ikibanza c'amashanyarazi gikwirakwizwa ni iki?Ni ibihe bintu biranga amashanyarazi akwirakwizwa?

Ikwirakwizwa ryamashanyarazi yatanzwe mubisanzwe bivuga gukoresha umutungo wegerejwe abaturage, gushiraho urwego ruto, rutunganijwe hafi ya sisitemu yo gukoresha amashanyarazi, muri rusange ihujwe na gride iri munsi ya 35 kV cyangwa urwego rwo hasi rwa voltage.Uruganda rukwirakwiza amashanyarazi rwerekana gukoresha ikoreshwa rya moderi yerekana amashanyarazi, guhindura ingufu zituruka kumirasire y'izuba amashanyarazi akwirakwizwa na sisitemu yo gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi.

Sisitemu zikoreshwa cyane zikwirakwizwa na PV ni imishinga itanga amashanyarazi yubatswe hejuru yinzu yinyubako zo mumijyi, igomba guhuzwa numuyoboro rusange kandi igatanga amashanyarazi kubakiriya hafi hamwe na gride rusange.Hatabayeho inkunga ya gride rusange, sisitemu yatanzwe ntishobora kwemeza ubwizerwe nubwiza bwamashanyarazi kubakiriya.

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Ibiranga amashanyarazi akwirakwizwa

1. imbaraga zisohoka ni nto

Imashanyarazi gakondo ikomatanyirijwe hamwe ni ibihumbi magana kilowati cyangwa na miliyoni za kilowat, ikoreshwa ryikigereranyo ryazamuye ubukungu bwaryo.Igishushanyo mbonera cyerekana amashanyarazi yerekana amashanyarazi yerekana ko igipimo cyacyo gishobora kuba kinini cyangwa gito, kandi ubushobozi bwa sisitemu yo gufotora bushobora guhinduka ukurikije ibisabwa kurubuga.Muri rusange, ubushobozi bwumushinga PV wagabanijwe ni muri kilowati ibihumbi.Bitandukanye n’amashanyarazi akomatanyirijwe hamwe, ingano y’uruganda rwa PV nta ngaruka nini igira ku mikorere y’amashanyarazi, bityo ingaruka ku bukungu bwayo nazo zikaba nto cyane, inyungu ku ishoramari rya sisitemu ntoya ya PV ntabwo iri munsi y’iya nini.

2. umwanda ni muto, kandi inyungu zibidukikije ziragaragara.

Ikwirakwizwa ryamashanyarazi yamashanyarazi mugikorwa cyo kubyaza ingufu amashanyarazi, nta rusaku, ariko kandi ntiruzatanga umwanda wumwuka namazi.Ariko rero, dukeneye kwitondera amafoto yagabanijwe hamwe nibidukikije bikikije imijyi yiterambere rihuriweho, mugukoresha ingufu zisukuye, urebye impungenge abaturage baharanira ubwiza bwibidukikije.

3. Irashobora kugabanya amashanyarazi yaho murwego runaka

Amashanyarazi akwirakwizwa amashanyarazi afite ingufu nyinshi kumanywa, mugihe abantu bakeneye amashanyarazi muriki gihe.Nyamara, ubwinshi bwingufu zamashanyarazi zagabanijwe zikwirakwizwa ni nkeya, imbaraga za buri metero kare ya sisitemu yo gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi yamashanyarazi ni watt 100 gusa, hamwe no kugarukira hejuru yinzu yinyubako ikwiranye nogushiraho modulifoto, gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi yamashanyarazi ntashobora gukemura byimazeyo ikibazo cyumuriro w'amashanyarazi.

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Igihe cyoherejwe: Gicurasi-19-2022