IRENA: Kwishyiriraho PV kwisi “surges” na 133GW muri 2021!

Raporo y’ibarurishamibare 2022 ivuga ku bijyanye n’ingufu zishobora kuvugururwa iherutse gushyirwa ahagaragara n’ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA), isi izongeraho 257 GW y’ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu mu 2021, iziyongera 9.1% ugereranije n’umwaka ushize, kandi izane umubare rusange w’isi yose ushobora kuvugururwa. kubyara ingufu kugeza kuri 3TW (3,064GW).

 

Muri byo, ingufu z'amashanyarazi zatanze umugabane munini kuri 1,230GW.Ubushobozi bwa PV bwashyizweho kwisi bwiyongereye vuba 19%, bugera kuri 133GW.

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Imbaraga z'umuyaga zashyizweho muri 2021 ni 93GW, kwiyongera kwa 13%.Muri rusange, amashanyarazi hamwe nimbaraga zumuyaga bizagera kuri 88% byongerewe ingufu zongerewe ingufu muri 2021.

 

Aziya niyo itanga umusanzu munini mubushobozi bushya bwashyizweho kwisi yose

 

Aziya niyo itanga umusanzu munini mubushobozi bushya bwashyizweho kwisi, ifite 154.7GW yubushobozi bushya bwashyizweho, bingana na 48% byubushobozi bushya bwisi.Muri Aziya hashyizweho ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu zingana na 1.46 TW muri 2021, Ubushinwa bwiyongeraho GW 121 nubwo icyorezo cya Covid-19.

 

Uburayi na Amerika ya Ruguru byongeyeho 39 GW na 38 GW, naho Amerika yongeyeho 32 GW yubushobozi.

 

Amasezerano yubufatanye bwikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu

 

N'ubwo iterambere ryihuse mu ikoreshwa ry’ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu mu bukungu bukomeye ku isi, Ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA) cyashimangiye muri raporo ko ingufu z’amashanyarazi zigomba kwiyongera vuba kuruta ingufu zikenewe.

 

Umuyobozi mukuru w'ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA), Francesco La Kamera, yagize ati: “Iri terambere rikomeje ni ikindi kimenyetso cyerekana imbaraga z’ingufu zishobora kubaho.Iterambere ryayo rikomeye ryumwaka ushize riha ibihugu amahirwe menshi yo kubona ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu.Inyungu nyinshi zubukungu.Icyakora, nubwo dushimangira imigendekere y’isi yose, icyerekezo cy’ingufu z’ingufu ku isi cyerekana ko umuvuduko n’ingaruka z’ingufu z’ingufu bitari bihagije kugira ngo twirinde ingaruka mbi z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere. ”

 

Ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA) mu ntangiriro zuyu mwaka cyatangije gahunda y’ubufatanye mu rwego rwo kwemerera ibihugu kungurana ibitekerezo ku ntego zo kutabogama kwa karubone.Ibihugu byinshi nabyo biratera intambwe, nko gukoresha hydrogène yicyatsi kugirango ibungabunge ingufu.Nk’uko imibare yashyizwe ahagaragara n’iki kigo ibivuga, hydrogène izaba ifite nibura 12% by’ingufu zose niba intego z’ikirere ku isi zigomba kuguma mu bushyuhe bwa 1.5 ° C bw’amasezerano y'i Paris mu 2050.

 

Amasezerano yubufatanye bwikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu

 

N'ubwo iterambere ryihuse mu ikoreshwa ry’ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu mu bukungu bukomeye ku isi, Ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA) cyashimangiye muri raporo ko ingufu z’amashanyarazi zigomba kwiyongera vuba kuruta ingufu zikenewe.

 

Umuyobozi mukuru w'ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA), Francesco La Kamera, yagize ati: “Iri terambere rikomeje ni ikindi kimenyetso cyerekana imbaraga z’ingufu zishobora kubaho.Iterambere ryayo rikomeye ryumwaka ushize riha ibihugu amahirwe menshi yo kubona ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu.Inyungu nyinshi zubukungu.Icyakora, nubwo dushimangira imigendekere y’isi yose, icyerekezo cy’ingufu z’ingufu ku isi cyerekana ko umuvuduko n’ingaruka z’ingufu z’ingufu bitari bihagije kugira ngo twirinde ingaruka mbi z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere. ”

 

Ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA) mu ntangiriro zuyu mwaka cyatangije gahunda y’ubufatanye mu rwego rwo kwemerera ibihugu kungurana ibitekerezo ku ntego zo kutabogama kwa karubone.Ibihugu byinshi nabyo biratera intambwe, nko gukoresha hydrogène yicyatsi kugirango ibungabunge ingufu.Nk’uko imibare yashyizwe ahagaragara n’iki kigo ibivuga, hydrogène izaba ifite nibura 12% by’ingufu zose niba intego z’ikirere ku isi zigomba kuguma mu bushyuhe bwa 1.5 ° C bw’amasezerano y'i Paris mu 2050.

 

Ibishobora guteza imbere hydrogène yicyatsi mubuhinde

 

Muri Mutarama uyu mwaka, guverinoma y'Ubuhinde yasinyanye amasezerano y’ubufatanye n’ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA).Kamera yashimangiye ko Ubuhinde n’ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu ziyemeje guhindura ingufu.Mu myaka itanu ishize, Ubuhinde bwashyizwemo ingufu z’ingufu zishobora kugera kuri 53GW, mu gihe iki gihugu cyongera 13GW mu 2021.

 

Mu rwego rwo gushyigikira decarbonisation yubukungu bwinganda, Ubuhinde nabwo burimo gukora kugirango hubakwe ingufu za hydrogène zitanga ingufu.Mu bufatanye bwagezweho, Guverinoma y’Ubuhinde n’ikigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe kongera ingufu (IRENA) barwanya hydrogène y’icyatsi kibisi mu rwego rwo guhindura ingufu z’Ubuhinde n’isoko rishya ryohereza ibicuruzwa hanze.

 

Raporo y’ubushakashatsi yashyizwe ahagaragara n’ubushakashatsi bwakozwe na Mercom India, Ubuhinde bwashyizeho 150.4GW y’ingufu zishobora kongera ingufu mu gihembwe cya kane cya 2021. Sisitemu ya Photovoltaque yari ifite 32% by’ingufu zose zishobora gushyirwaho mu gihembwe cya kane cya 2021.

 

Muri rusange, umugabane wibishobora kuvugururwa mugukwirakwiza amashanyarazi kwisi yose uzagera kuri 81% muri 2021, ugereranije na 79% umwaka ushize.Umugabane mushya wo kubyara ingufu zose uziyongera hafi 2% muri 2021, uva kuri 36.6% muri 2020 ujye kuri 38.3% muri 2021.

 

Dukurikije imibare yaturutse mu kigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe ingufu, biteganijwe ko amashanyarazi ashobora kongera ingufu zingana na 90% by’amashanyarazi mashya ku isi mu 2022.

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Apr-22-2022